A Flea in the Fur of the Beast

“Death, fire, and burglary make all men equals.” —Dickens

Category: Uncategorized

The People v. OJ Simpson Is a Triumph of Realism

by evanmcmurry

[mild spoilers to multiple shows ahead]

There’s a quiet moment toward the end of the ten-episode The People v. OJ Simpson when Marcia Clark and Chris Darden, having almost hooked up and then become bitter enemies over each others’ mistakes, shake hands. The camera lingers for a moment on the sight of the hands themselves, one white and one black, clasped—an image that then forms a silent contrast with rancorous scenes of the similarly multiracial defense team in a state of contemptuous dissolution. In the end, Johnny Cochrane watches Robert Shapiro badmouth him on television, as removed from his trial partner as Clark and Darden were connected. It’s a smart complication of the show’s racial politics, as those explicitly fighting racial injustice are mired in disharmony while the two district attorneys tough out a comity the defense has been positing as institutionally impossible.

It’s also notable because it’s the type of understated moment not seen in the other shows that bejewel the contemporary golden age of television. The People v. OJ Simpson is better than its shiny rivals, and set against them its realism emerges as its operative quality—all the more impressive as the series chronicles events ubiquitously described at the time as “surreal.”

Surreal is a good description of any sampling of recent television or television-adjacent fictions—House of Cards, Sherlock, Daredevil, to take a few. For shorthand, let’s call this Netflix Style: aesthetically sophisticated, elaborately plotted, slickly produced, and ridiculous. All three begin as enthralling serials; all are soon slipping over plot twists and character reversals to the point of slapstick. The shows differ in subject matter and tone, but they crack along the same fault: each eventually, if not repeatedly, sacrifices the logic of its protagonist to the desires of the metastasizing plot.

Daredevil is the most ludicrous. The first season features multiple instances in which the show seems to forget Matthew Murdock is blind, until a late episode reveals he’s not actually blind, but sees according to some sort of sonar something-or-another. The character’s limitation, that which gave him both his urge for justice and his more interesting death drive, turns out to have been a ruse. He can see! This recalls, and fails, Aristotle’s plausible-possible rule, which isn’t just academic: that rule keeps narratives honest. The decreasingly-believable plot demands undermine the characters, but the characters’ lack of integrity allow the plot to run away with them.

Sherlock had even more trouble (though admittedly more fun) maintaining the continuity of its protagonist: the detective’s supposed anti-socialism, originally posited as the Hyde to his Jekyll-ish hyper-observational prowess, is in every instance discarded to make room for uncharacteristic abilities necessitated by the over-complicated mysteries. Lo and behold, it turns out for the purposes of one episode that the anti-social hero maintains a large army of observers spread across England with whom he seems quite social. He (actually they) can see! Is this possible? Technically, I guess. Plausible? Not from what we’ve seen of the character so far.

Except that in the end Sherlock seems capable of just about anything. So does Matt Murdock, so does Frank Underwood (granted omnivision via NSA surveillance, naturally). Presented with blind characters, these shows opt to magically bestow to their characters sight rather than watch them feel their way on their own.

The players in The People v. OJ Simpson can’t see, either, at least not until it’s too late. In fact the series is, on its basic level, a continual problem of not-seeing, as the two sides compete to present select information to a dozen sequestered people court-ordered to cover their eyes and ears. In the most important turn, Judge Ito denies them the ability to see all but one line of the Fuhrman tapes. At one point Ito himself rejects reading a transcript to maintain his impartiality.

But the limitations, rather than presenting the characters with obstacles they avoid via author-granted superpowers, inspire them: Johnny Cochrane’s best moments involve cleverly implying to the jury evidence or context they’re prohibited from viewing. Acting on his wits is what Benedict Cumberbatch’s Sherlock is supposedly celebrated for in his series, except that it’s always a deus ex machina, rather than a smart play, up his sleeve.

It could be argued that this is a categorical error: superpowers were invoked the last graph, and the three Netflix Style shows here are all essentially superhero shows—or, as in House of Cards, a supervillain show. Engorgement is what puts the super in superhero, and Sherlock’s box of tricks or Daredevil’s blacklight sight or Frank Underwood’s endless reserve of tactical cynicism could all be seen as the larger-than-life powers of people interesting precisely because they are not beholden to ordinary limitations.

But they should be beholden to their own limitations: the old science fiction rule—you can have life on other planets, but nobody should be able to suddenly shoot lasers halfway through the story—seems to apply here. In other words, no magic sonar sight in episode eight. To take a more earthly example, Underwood is clearly a Nixonian character, but Nixon became his most interesting at the limits of his machinations. For all he was a crook, he was not terribly versed in criminality, and his naively asking an aide how to launder a million dollars is, in retrospect, an unexpectedly pathetic moment; he sounds like a Quaker kid from Whittier trying to play mobster, rather than the mobster himself. Frank Underwood would just order it done, and probably have a guy to do it, and burner phone to call him with in his lapel pocket. The vaulting of human limits makes a character less, not more, interesting.

It’s obviously easy to ascribe OJ‘s realism to the fact that it is based off real events, and surely the over-covered happenings of the Simpson trial constrained a number of narrative decisions (though the show, like all others, takes plenty of dramatic license). But as anybody who’s ever watched a clichéd biopic or Oscar-bait reenactment of Great Moments in History knows, the historical record is no guarantor of realism. In fact, the whole “inspired by a true story” tag seems to cause—allow?—producers to jam their tales into formulas. This is what Walk Hard satirized: the interchangeability of pop icons’ unique lives once rendered by the biopic machine. In the clash between between existence and archetype, what Iris Murdoch calls the comfort of form wins. These narratives based off real people fail precisely because don’t treat those people as real.

The People v. OJ Simpson succeeds because it grants its characters the integrity of their own existence, perfectly encapsulated when Marcia Clark recalls an assault that originally spurred her quest for justice. What Clark had been imagining is what would have actually transpired in any other show: that the experience had given her a sort of sixth sense of the jurors’ minds, the better to craft the perfect closing argument. She can see! OJ plays it the opposite way, this experience blinding her the whole time to what the jury was actually thinking.

In short, she succumbed to, rather than transcended, her limitations. That’s the opposite of a superpower. But it should be noted that Sherlock Holmes and Matt Murdock and Frank Underwood are capable of everything except that handshake.

Charities Buried under Unwanted Copies of Fifty Shades of Grey (Again)

by evanmcmurry


With almost enough copies of Fifty Shades of Grey to build its own sex dungeon, a branch of Oxfam in Swansea has asked people to stop donating the erotic novel or any of its sequels. “We appreciate all your donations, but less Fifty Shades and more 60s and 70s vinyl would be good,” wrote Phil Broadhurst, the shop’s manager, in a post on Facebook.

This is at least the second time charities have complained of a Fifty Shades deluge.

You Probably Shouldn’t Drink Guy Fieri’s Cabernet

by evanmcmurry

  1. “bomb-ass pinot”
  2. “I love everything from Enya to Pantera” is the Poochiest thing the man’s ever said.

Previous FITF entries on wine you should not drink: Bob Benmoshe CabRed Sox Cab, Hitler Cab, Rupert Murdoch Cab.

Simpsons Blimp References, Ranked

by evanmcmurry

1. “Oh, and once I saw a blimp!”

2. “Hey there, blimpy boy.”

3. “Whoever takes down that blimp doesn’t have to learn fractions.”

4. Sideshow Bob’s Last Gleaming.

A Running Taxonomy of Ta-Nehisi Coates Freakouts

by evanmcmurry

I’ve identified four so far, and the book just came out. Feel free to add your own!

* Professional Jealousy (Freddie DeBoer, Cornel West): upset over Coates’ success.

* Race-Based Panic: (that Federalist article, the right): upset at African-Americans achieving positions of cultural prominence formerly reserved for the William F Buckley types.

* Identity Politics: (the left) upset over Coates’ perceived lack of intersectionality.

* David Brooks: (David Brooks) upset because the stick up his ass has a stick up its ass.

Names in “Before the Storm: Barry Goldwater and the Unmaking of an American Consensus,” Ranked

by evanmcmurry

12. Rosser Reeves

11. McGeorge Bundy (it’s a weird name!)

10. Roscoe Drummond

9. Estes Kefauver

8. Nolan Frizzelle

7. Denison Kitchel

6. Endicott Peabody

5. Effie B Semple

4. Casper Weinberger

3. Lyman Lemnitzer

2. Holmes Tuttle

1. Wirt Yerger

Did Khrushchev Start the Cuban Missile Crisis Over a Disneyland Snub?

by evanmcmurry

“What is it? Is there an epidemic of cholera there or something? Or have gangsters taken over the place that can destroy me? Then what must I do? Commit suicide? This is the situation I am in — your guest. For me the situation is inconceivable. I cannot find words to explain this to my people.”

—Nikita Khrushchev, upon learning Secret Service would not let him visit Disneyland, 1959

Three years later Khrushchev would send missiles to Cuba. Who knew if this slight was weighing in the back of his mind?

Spies Who Sound Like Spies

by evanmcmurry

Names in Tim Weiner’s Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA, ranked:

12. Enrique Prado
11. Tony Poe
10. Pote Sarasin
9. Tennant Bagley
8. Cofer Black
7. Tucker Gouglmann
6. Rip Robertson
5. Bill Coffin
4. Big Minh
3. Rocky Stone
2. Zultan Thury
1. Dick Drain

Most succinct description of the CIA: “cloaked yet flamboyant.”

Real Person Becomes Walking Hoax Story Because Fuck You

by evanmcmurry

A Dutch college student says she faked a five-week trip to South East Asia, fooling everyone from her Facebook friends to her family. But don’t worry: she did it all to expose the fragility of truth in our decadent selfie world:

The reasons behind her actions, however, are noble: it was all part of a university project, in which she wanted to show how Facebook activity is not necessarily reflective of real life.

Speaking to media in her home country, she said: “I did this to show people that we filter and manipulate what we show on social media, and that we create an online world which reality can no longer meet.

“My goal was to prove how common and easy it is to distort reality. Everybody knows that pictures of models are manipulated. But we often overlook the fact that we manipulate reality also in our own lives.”

This is the smug postmodern-parachute logic behind sites like Daily Currant and National Report, but stretched over someone’s life. Basically anybody can tell any lie they want and you’re the artificial one for believing it.

Burger K-inversion-ing

by pdxblake

In case you are interested in my perspective on Burger King’s tax inversion and corporate taxes more generally, I am sharing something I wrote on a friend’s Facebook post.   It’s the laziest of all blog posts, the copy-and-paste: 

Burger King has more of a business reason than most of the pharmaceutical companies that more commonly use inversions. Tax arbitrage arises because laws are too rigid so unless we can convince other countries to adopt worldwide tax systems too, there will remain an arbitrage opportunity open for companies to use. Whether or not we approve of it is not relevant to whether it gets used.

Consider BK: It gets 60% of its revenue from the US and Canada, so probably ~45% (assuming US 10x bigger than Canada) from foreign sources. From what I have read from people who don’t take a particularly political angle on this, even proposed anti-inversion legislation wouldn’t stop this particular merger and since it offers the opportunity to not pay US taxes on the profits generated from nearly half of its revenue, the tax arbitrage opportunity will be more tempting than any argument in opposition.

That is not to say that tax arbitrage doesn’t have real consequences: a dollar avoided by Burger King will have to be raised elsewhere. Given the wide disparity on tax rates between companies that have large business outside of the US and those that don’t (signaling effective shifting of taxes offshore) maybe it would be better to find a way to more evenly tax the business income for US generated profits while blocking more explicitly schemes that have no business purpose but are used just to avoid paying taxes (like Apple’s and pharma companies’ efforts to shift IP-related earnings offshore for products designed and sold in the US but “using” patents owned by offshore vehicles).

But, what we are doing now seems like the worst of both worlds and given the GOP opposition to doing anything that increases revenue, even to offset the impact of lowering the statutory rate, it probably has to wait until the GOP self-destructs a little more decides that compromise is not treason.

Here’s something I wrote 2+ years ago about some research quantifying the effect of eliminating the current system if it is not done to block shifting income offshore solely for tax arbitrage purposes.